The first flight of the C-124 was at the end of 1949, and six months later delivery began to the United States Air Force.From the beginning of the C-124's service career it became clear how important it was for the strategic operations of the American military. During the conflict in Korea the C-124 provided rapid movement of troops to the troubled region of South-East Asia, thus helping to stabilize the situation in that corner of the world. With the onset of the nuclear missile arms race between the USSR and the USA, it was naturally the C-124 which carried out transportation of the American missiles to Europe.The majority of the 448 C-124's built went to Strategic Air Command and also to the Military Air Transport Service. These aircraft were permanently at work, as in conditions of continuous tension in the world they constantly transported both conventional and nuclear weapons, not only across America, but also beyond its territory.
The last production version of this aircraft was the C-124C, which differed visually from its predecessor in its nose, where a radar 'thimble' was placed enabling the aircraft to make long distance flights in all weather conditions. Additionally, more powerful R-4360-51 engines were installed in the C-124C. Special fairings were fitted to the wing tips in which were placed heating units for anti-icing systems. The C-124C variant was the most numerous of all - 243 units. The last aircraft was delivered to the Air Force in the middle of 1955.
In addition, the C-124 took part in transportation of loads to the Sixth Continent, within the framework of research in the Antarctic Continent by the United States of America.The intensive military career of the C-124 lasted up until the beginning of the 1960's, and only with the appearance of the more modern C-141 Starlifter was this exceptional machine relegated to the reserve ranks. They were gradually taken off from strategic operations and transferred to units of the US Air National Guard. The final flights of the C-124 for the United States Air Force were in the mid 1970's.