The Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey is a US military, multi-mission aircraft with vertical takeoff and landing (STOL) capabilities and short takeoff and landing capability (STOL). It is designed to combine the functionality of a conventional helicopter with the high-speed, long-distance cruising performance of a turboprop aircraft.
The V-22 originated from the U.S. Department of Defense vertical takeoff / landing experimental aircraft program started in 1981.
The Bell and Boeing Helicopters team received a development contract in 1983 for the tiltrotor aircraft.
The Bell Boeing team jointly produces the aircraft. The V-22 first flew in 1989, and began flight tests and design alterations; the complexity and difficulties of being the world’s first military service tilt rotor led to many years of development.
The United States Marine Corps began training the crew for the Osprey in 2000, and will complete and replace its CH-46 marine knights. Osprey’s other operator, the United States Air Force, released its version of the swingarm in 2009.
Since entering service with the Marine Corps and the United States Air Force, the Osprey has been deployed in combat and rescue operations over Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya.